Administration of the glucocorticoid methylprednisolone (MP) (30 mg/kg body wt for 3 days) to rats increased intestinal mucosal guanylate cyclase and Na-K-ATPase activities, short-circuit current (Isc), electrical potential difference (PD), net Na absorption, and net Cl secretion and reversed HCO3 transport from secretion to absorption. In the MP-treated animals, removal of HCO3 from both the mucosal and serosal bathing solutions increased Cl secretion but did not alter the Isc, PD, and net Na flux. Removal of Cl abolished the MP-induced increase in Isc but did not affect the MP-induced changes in net Na and HCO3 fluxes. At 6 h, after a single dose of MP, stimulation of guanylate cyclase activity was already maximal, whereas Na-K-ATPase activity was not detectably altered. The changes in intestinal transport properties present 6 h after MP treatment and associated with the increased guanylate cyclase activity were an increase in Isc and PD and a reversal of net Cl absorption to net secretion. These results suggest that an initial response to MP administration is a persistent increase in intestinal guanylate cyclase activity that mediates an electrogenic Cl secretory process, then is followed by a superimposed effect of increased Na-K-ATPase activity that mediates an increase in net Na absorption.
- Copyright © 1981 the American Physiological Society