This study was performed to determine whether receptors for Escherichia coli heat-stable enterotoxin (ST) exist on intestinal epithelial cells. Binding sites for 125I-ST were found on rat jejunal and ileal villus cells. Binding was rapid, reversible, linear with cell number, saturable, and temperature dependent. Significant degradation of 125I-ST occurred when incubated with cells at 37 degrees C but not at 25 degrees C. Binding was specific to ST since binding of 125I-ST was competitively inhibited by increasing concentrations of human or porcine ST but not by E. coli heat-labile, cholera, or staphylococcal enterotoxins. Addition of excess unlabeled ST to cells preincubated with 125I-ST resulted in dissociation of much but not all of the bound 125I-ST. Binding of 125I-ST to jejunal and ileal cells occurs with two affinities, and this is due to the phenomenon of negative cooperativity. The potency of ST for inhibiting the binding of 125I-ST was identical to the potency of ST in stimulating cGMP production. These data support the existence of receptors for ST on intestinal cells, and these receptors may be involved in the action of ST.
- Copyright © 1983 the American Physiological Society