The role of membrane voltage as a driving force for the hepatic uptake and secretion of fluorescent bile salts has been examined in isolated hepatocyte couplets. The present study demonstrates that the fluorescent bile salt derivative (N-[7-(nitrobenz-2-oxa- 1,3-diazol-4-yl)]-7-amino-3 alpha, 12 alpha-dihydroxy-5-cholan-24-oyl)-2-aminoethanesulfonate (7 beta-NBD-NCT) is taken up into hepatocytes by a saturable process with a Kt of 2.7 microM. Uptake rate was reduced by only 22% after total Na+ replacement and was independent of transmembrane potential difference over a range of -135 to +25 mV. In contrast, secretion into the canalicular space was strongly dependent on membrane voltage over the range from -34 to 0 mV in a manner consistent with electrodiffusion of an anion. Fitting the secretion time course to that predicted by electrodiffusion demonstrated that only approximately 50% of total secretion can result from electrodiffusion. Studies in isolated perfused liver confirmed this observation that depolarization caused a decrease in bile salt secretion rate. These results demonstrate that 7 beta-NBD-NCT is transported by a neutral uptake process at the sinusoidal membrane and is secreted across the canalicular membrane in part by electrogenic transport. This suggests that voltage changes could be a common pathway resulting in impaired organic anion secretion in diverse cholestatic syndromes.
- Copyright © 1993 the American Physiological Society