Studies were conducted to determine whether endothelial production of nitric oxide (NO) participates in the regulation of vascular resistance in postnatal swine intestine. In vivo, intra-arterial infusion of the arginine analogue NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA, 10(-4) M) increased intestinal vascular resistance 34% in 3-day-old animals and 9% in 35-day-old animals (P < 0.01); similar findings were noted during infusion of 10(-3) M L-NMMA. Mechanical augmentation of gut flow rate induced intestinal vasodilation in both age groups; L-NMMA eliminated this flow-induced dilation in intestine of 3- but not 35-day-old animals. In vitro, precontracted mesenteric artery rings from both age groups relaxed to a similar extent in response to the endothelium-independent nitrovasodilator sodium nitroprusside (SNP) and the calcium ionophore A-23187; the effect of A-23187, but not SNP, was eliminated by mechanical disruption of the endothelium. Acetylcholine (ACh) and substance P (SP), agents with vascular effects that are secondary to receptor-mediated activation of NO, caused greater relaxation of rings from younger than from older animals, and this effect was attenuated by L-NMMA or methylene blue. Unstimulated accumulation of guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP) occurred to a similar extent in vessel segments from both groups. ACh and SP increased cGMP accumulation in segments from 3- but not from 35-day-old animals. We conclude that the NO-cGMP axis participates to a greater extent in regulation of intestinal vascular resistance in 3- than in 35-day-old swine.
- Copyright © 1995 the American Physiological Society