The capillary network irrigating the liver is important not only for nutrient and oxygen delivery, but also for the signals distributed to other hepatic cell types necessary to maintain liver homeostasis. During development, endothelial cells are a key component in liver zonation. In adulthood, they maintain hepatic stellate cells and hepatocytes in quiescence. Their importance in pathobiology is highlighted in liver regeneration and chronic liver diseases, where they coordinate paracrine cell behavior. During regeneration, liver sinusoidal endothelial cells induce hepatocyte proliferation and angiogenesis. During fibrogenesis, they undergo morphological and functional changes, which are reflected by their role in hepatic stellate cell activation, inflammation, and distorted sinusoidal structure. Therapeutic strategies to target angiocrine signaling are in progress but are in the early stages. Here, we offer a short synthesis of recent studies on angiocrine signaling in liver homeostasis, regeneration, and fibrogenesis.
- endothelial cell
- angiocrine signaling
- liver regeneration
- Copyright © 2016 the American Physiological Society
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