Previous studies reported that administration of somatostatin (SST) to human patients mitigated their diarrheal symptoms. Octreotide (an analogue of SST) treatment in animals resulted in upregulation of sodium/hydrogen exchanger 8 (NHE8). NHE8 is important for water/sodium absorption in the intestine, and loss of NHE8 function results in mucosal injury. Thus, we hypothesized that NHE8 expression is inhibited during colitis and that SST treatment during pathological conditions can restore NHE8 expression. Our data showed for the first time that NHE8 is expressed in the human colonic tissue and that NHE8 expression is decreased in ulcerative colitis (UC) patients. We also found that octreotide could stimulate colonic NHE8 expression in colitic mice. Furthermore, somatostatin receptor 2 (SSTR2) agonist seglitide and somatostatin receptor 5 (SSTR5) agonist L-817,818 could restore NHE8 expression via its role in suppressing ERK1/2 phosphorylation. Our study uncovered a novel mechanism of SST stimulation of NHE8 expression in colitis.
- inflammatory bowel disease
- Copyright © 2016, American Journal of Physiology-Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology