Helminth parasites are highly prevalent in many low- and middle-income countries, in which inflammatory bowel disease and other immunopathologies are less frequent than in the developed world. Many of the most common helminths establish in the gastrointestinal tract, and can exert counter-inflammatory influences on the host immune system. For these reasons, interest has arisen in how parasites may ameliorate intestinal inflammation and whether these organisms, or products they release, could offer future therapies for immune disorders. In this review, we discuss interactions between helminth parasites and the mucosal immune system, and progress made towards identifying mechanisms and molecular mediators through which it may be possible to attenuate pathology in the intestinal tract.
- Copyright © 2017, American Journal of Physiology-Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology